The Pitcairn was a schooner built in 1890 for the Seventh-day Adventist Church for use in missionary work in the South Pacific. After six missionary voyages, the schooner was sold in 1900 for commercial use, and renamed Florence S. She was lost by stranding on the island of Mindoro, Philippine Islands, on 17 October 1912.
The Seventh-day Adventist John Tay, a former sailor, was advised by his doctor to take a sea voyage in 1886.
He paid his way by working as a carpenter.
At Tahiti he found passage on HMS Pelican, a British man-of-war.
Tay reached Pitcairn Island on HMS Pelican on 18 October 1886, and stayed until the last week of November.
At the time Pitcairn was inhabited by descendants of the mutineers on HMS Bounty.
The islanders were already familiar with Adventist concepts, as they had received a box of Adventist tracts about ten years earlier.
In five weeks Tay converted the whole population to Adventism.
He was unable to perform baptisms since he was not ordained, but promised to return with a minister.